What is Polki Jewellery? Display of Uncut Diamonds and Rich Heritage

Polki jewellery, also known as “uncut diamond” jewellery, is a traditional form of Indian jewellery that has been cherished for centuries. It is renowned for its exquisite craftsmanship, unique design, and unmatched elegance. In this article, we will delve deeper into the world of polki jewellery, exploring its history, characteristics, and examples of this timeless treasure.

The process of creating Polki jewellery is labor-intensive and requires skilled craftsmen who carefully set the uncut diamonds in gold foil using a technique called “kundan” or “jadau” setting. The gold foil is used to create a base for the diamonds and hold them securely in place. The craftsmanship involved in creating Polki jewellery is meticulous, with each piece being a work of art that requires hours of painstaking effort.

History of Polki Jewellery

Polki jewellery has a rich history that dates back to the Mughal era in India. It was highly favored by the royalty and was often used to create extravagant pieces for kings and queens. Polki jewellery gained popularity during the Mughal period due to the influence of Persian and Central Asian art and craft. It was considered a symbol of wealth, status, and luxury.

Characteristics of Polki Jewellery

Polki jewellery is distinct in its appearance and craftsmanship. Here are some key characteristics that make polki jewellery unique:

Uncut Diamonds

Polki jewellery uses uncut, raw diamonds that are sourced directly from mines. These unpolished diamonds retain their natural form and are often used in their original shape, giving the jewellery a rustic and organic look.

Kundan Setting

Polki jewellery is usually set using the Kundan technique, which involves encasing the uncut diamonds in gold foil and then placing them on a gold base. The foil not only enhances the brilliance of the diamonds but also adds a touch of warmth to the jewellery.

Intricate Design

Polki jewellery is known for its intricate and elaborate design. Skilled artisans handcraft each piece, carefully setting the uncut diamonds in a symmetrical pattern and adding decorative details using enamel work, meenakari, and other traditional techniques.

Gold Base

Polki jewellery is crafted using gold as the base metal. It is typically made of 22 karat gold, which is known for its purity and durability. The gold base not only provides a sturdy foundation for the uncut diamonds but also adds to the overall richness and opulence of the jewellery.

Examples of Polki Jewellery

Polki jewellery encompasses a wide range of designs, from traditional to contemporary. Here are some examples of polki jewellery pieces that showcase the beauty and versatility of this timeless treasure:

Polki Necklace

A polki necklace is a statement piece that is often worn on special occasions and weddings. It typically features a choker-style design with a Kundan setting and uncut diamonds arranged in a symmetrical pattern. The necklace is usually accompanied by matching earrings, adding a touch of regality to the wearer’s ensemble.

Polki Earrings

Polki earrings are a popular choice among women who want to add a touch of glamour to their look. They come in various designs, including jhumkas (traditional Indian earrings), chandbalis (crescent-shaped earrings), and studs, adorned with uncut diamonds and intricate enamel work.

Polki Bracelet

A polki bracelet is a perfect accessory to adorn the wrist with elegance. It features a Kundan setting with uncut diamonds, often complemented by colorful enamel work and gemstones. Polki bracelets are worn singly or stacked with other bracelets to create a fashionable and stylish look.

Polki Ring

Polki rings are known for their exquisite craftsmanship and unique design. They often feature a single uncut diamond or a cluster of diamonds set in gold, with intricate details and enamel work. Polki rings are a popular choice for engagement and wedding ceremonies, symbolizing eternal love and commitment.

Polki Maang Tikka

A maang tikka is a traditional Indian headpiece that is worn on the forehead, and a polki maang tikka is a stunning example of polki jewellery. It typically features a Kundan setting with an uncut diamond or a cluster of diamonds, along with colorful enamel work and gemstones. The polki maang tikka adds a touch of grace and elegance to the overall bridal look, making it a coveted piece for weddings and other special occasions.

Caring for Polki Jewellery

As with any precious jewellery, proper care is essential to maintain the beauty and longevity of polki jewellery. Here are some tips for caring for your polki jewellery:

  • Avoid contact with harsh chemicals: Polki jewellery should be kept away from harsh chemicals such as perfumes, hairsprays, and cleaning agents, as they can tarnish the gold and damage the uncut diamonds.
  • Store carefully: Polki jewellery should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent oxidation and discoloration. It is advisable to store each piece separately in a soft pouch or a jewelry box to prevent scratching and tangling.
  • Clean with care: Polki jewellery should be cleaned gently using a soft brush and mild soapy water. Avoid using abrasive cleaners or brushes that can scratch the gold or the diamonds. It is also recommended to get your polki jewellery professionally cleaned and inspected by a jeweler periodically to maintain its shine and beauty.
  • Handle with care: Polki jewellery is delicate and should be handled with care to avoid bending or breaking. It is advisable to remove your polki jewellery before engaging in any strenuous activities, such as exercising or doing household chores.

In conclusion, polki jewellery is a precious and exquisite form of traditional Indian jewellery that continues to captivate people with its beauty and allure. Its unique craftsmanship, uncut diamonds, intricate design, and gold base make it a coveted choice for special occasions, weddings, and festivities.

With proper care and appreciation for its unique characteristics, polki jewellery can be a timeless treasure that can be passed down through generations, making it a cherished heirloom for years to come. So, indulge in the beauty of polki jewellery and adorn yourself with this exquisite treasure that embodies the rich legacy of Indian jewellery craftsmanship.


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