Kundan jewellery is a style of jewellery that originated in India during the Mughal era. It is a traditional form of jewellery that is known for its intricate designs, stunning craftsmanship, and use of high-quality gemstones.
Kundan jewellery is crafted by setting gemstones into a framework of gold, silver or platinum foil. The gems are set using a special technique that involves setting the stones into a gold frame without any visible support.
What is Kundan Jewellery?
Kundan jewellery is a traditional form of Indian jewellery that originated in the Mughal era. It is made by setting uncut or polki diamonds, gemstones, or glass pieces in gold foil, which is then placed on a base made of lac or wax.
The jewellery is then enameled and embellished with intricate designs using gold or silver threads, pearls, and other precious stones. Kundan jewellery is known for its intricate designs, vibrant colors, and exquisite craftsmanship. It is a popular choice for bridal wear and other formal occasions in India, and is highly valued for its beauty and craftsmanship.
History of Kundan Jewellery
The origins of kundan jewellery can be traced back to the Mughal era in India. It was during this period that the Mughal rulers introduced this form of jewellery to the Indian subcontinent. The word kundan is derived from the Sanskrit word “Kund,” which means pure gold.
The Mughals were known for their love of gold, and they introduced this style of jewellery to showcase their wealth and power. Kundan jewellery was first introduced in Rajasthan, which is still the hub of kundan jewellery manufacturing in India.
The craftsmen of Rajasthan were known for their skill in creating intricate designs and working with gold and gemstones. The Mughal rulers appreciated their craftsmanship and commissioned them to create kundan jewellery for their royal courts.
Significance of Kundan Jewellery
Kundan jewellery holds great cultural and historical significance in India. It is a symbol of wealth, royalty, and tradition. Kundan jewellery is often worn on special occasions such as weddings, festivals, and other religious ceremonies.
It is also a popular choice for bridal jewellery as it is believed to bring good luck and prosperity to the newlyweds. In addition to its cultural significance, kundan jewellery is also considered a valuable investment.
The high-quality gemstones used in kundan jewellery are often rare and difficult to find, making them highly sought after by collectors and investors.
Materials Used in Kundan Jewellery
Kundan jewellery is made using a variety of materials, including gold, silver, and platinum. The gold used in kundan jewellery is typically 24 karat, which is the purest form of gold.
The gemstones used in kundan jewellery can vary from diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and sapphires to semi-precious stones such as pearls, turquoise, and coral.
The process of creating kundan jewellery involves setting the gemstones into a framework of gold, silver or platinum foil. The foil is then heated to make it malleable and is shaped into the desired form.
The gemstones are then set into the foil using a special technique that involves setting the stones into a gold frame without any visible support. The final result is a stunning piece of jewellery that is both beautiful and durable.
Popular Types of Kundan Jewellery
Kundan jewellery is available in a variety of styles and designs. Some of the most popular types of kundan jewellery include:
- Necklaces: Kundan necklaces are a popular choice for brides and are often paired with matching earrings and bracelets.
- Earrings: Kundan earrings are available in a variety of styles, including chandelier, jhumka, and stud earrings.
- Maang Tikka: A maang tikka is a type of headpiece that is worn on the forehead. Kundan maang tikkas are a popular choice for brides.
- Bracelets: Kundan bracelets are available in a range of styles, from delicate and dainty to bold and statement-making.
- Rings: Kundan rings are often designed with intricate details and are available in a variety of shapes and sizes.
- Nose rings: Kundan nose rings, also known as nath, are a traditional form of jewellery that is often worn by brides.
- Anklets: Kundan anklets, also known as payals, are a popular choice for women who want to add a touch of elegance to their attire.
Current Popularity of Kundan Jewellery
Kundan jewellery continues to be a popular choice for women in India and around the world. The intricate designs, stunning craftsmanship, and use of high-quality gemstones make kundan jewellery a timeless and elegant choice for any occasion.
In recent years, kundan jewellery has gained popularity in the West as well, with many women opting for this traditional Indian style of jewellery to add a touch of glamour to their look.
How to Care for Kundan Jewellery
Kundan jewellery is delicate and requires special care to maintain its beauty and shine. Here are some tips for caring for your kundan jewellery:
- Store your kundan jewellery in a cool, dry place.
- Avoid exposure to water and moisture as it can cause damage to the gemstones and foil.
- Clean your kundan jewellery with a soft cloth and avoid using harsh chemicals.
- Avoid wearing kundan jewellery when swimming or engaging in any strenuous activity.
- Take your kundan jewellery to a professional jeweller for cleaning and maintenance.
The history and significance of kundan jewellery make it a cultural icon in India, while its timeless beauty and elegance have made it a popular choice for women around the world. With proper care and maintenance, kundan jewellery can be a treasured addition to any jewellery collection for years to come.